Beautifully carved from a single block of marble. A smooth translucent finish gives surface depth and it displays some of its former gold gilt and red pigment. Excellent condition, the wear is consistent with its age. Buddha is sitting in the lotus position (legs crossed with soles of feet up) with hands in ‘Bhumisparsha mudra’ position – calling the earth to witness his enlightenment. Seated on a Lotus design base. His serene demeanor and monastic robes show superior craftsmanship and artistry. Dimensions: 32″ tall x 21.5 wide x 13.5 deep. $34,000. (see the following 7 images for detail on this piece)
Detail – side/front view – 17th c. Shan Style Marble Buddha
Detail – side view – Shan Style Marble Buddha, 17th century
Detail – head – Shan Style Marble Buddha, 17th century
Detail – lotus base – Shan Style Marble Buddha, 17th century
Marble Buddha, Mandalay style, early 19th century. Hand carved in the lotus position (legs crossed with soles of feet up) and hands in ‘Bhumisparsha mudra’ or calling the earth to witness his moment of enlightenment position. His serene meditative face and monastic robes show great finesse. In excellent condition, wear is consistent with age and use. Dimensions: 9 1/4″ tall x 8 1/4 wide x 5″ deep $2,500. (see the following 2 images for detail on this piece)
Detail – front/side – Mandalay Style Hand Carved Marble Buddha 19th c.
Detail – side – Mandalay Style Hand Carved Marble Buddha 19th c.
18th c. Shan Style Buddha
Burma/Myanmar 18th century, Shan (Tai Yai) Period This exquisite ancient Buddha is dressed in a jeweled monastic robe. Green, white and ruby colored jewels set in ribbons of delicate, raised design details line the edges of the robe. The edge of the turban is likewise set with a single row of thin white jewels. Originally painted with gold pigment to detail the robes and body, the coloring is largely worn with some areas remaining. Wear is consistent with age. Overall condition is excellent.
Shan style is characterized by the bell shaped turban (usnisa), smooth surface and serene, pure expression. The Buddha is seated, on a single, lotus style platform, in the ‘adamantine’ (unbreakable) position, or ‘vajrasana’ (legs crossed with the soles of both feet facing upwards). His hands are in the gesture of ‘bhumisparsha mudra’ that calls the earth to witness at the moment of his enlightenment (the right hand in the earth touching position with the left hand remaining in the meditation position).
Dimensions: 36″ tall (33 w/o base) x 25″ wide and 19″ deep, Base is round, wood construction painted black, $58,000. (SOLD)
Both statues in our collection are certified by the Burmese Department of Fine Arts Ministry of Culture in accordance with the export permit. Certificate no.120/2561 (see detail images of this statue below, then following are images for the other, smaller statue)
Burma/Myanmar 18th century, Shan (Tai Yai) Period
Portrayed in monastic robes that understate his status, this Buddha statue is skillyfully carved from a single block of stone, it was originally painted with multi-colored pigments to detail the robes and body. The pigment is mostly worn with some traces remaining. Wear is consistent with age. Overall condition is excellent.
Shan style (see previous statue text)
This antique statue is accompanied by its certificate, no.120/7561, issued by the Burmese Department of Fine Arts Ministry of Culture in accordance with the export permit.
Dimensions: 31″ tall (27 1/2 w/o base) x 16″ wide and 7 1/2″ deep, Base is 2 tier, wood construction painted black, $21,000. (SOLD)
WE HOPE YOU ENJOY BROWSING OUR INTRIGUING COLLECTION OF HANDMADE MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS
Carved, cast and intricately constructed, they are beautiful works of art as well. From across Southeast Asia, vintage to contemporary, tribal folk craft to fine art, every piece was masterfully engineered to produce a particular sound. Each has its own intangible significance – some sacred from temples, shrines or holy spaces, some employed by shaman as both costume and instrument and some for traditional, secular use. Music is a highly evocative, healing and transportive magic that transcends time and spoken language and exists in every culture. Please scroll through these enchanting sound makers. (organized by type of instrument – drums, gongs, bells, strings etc… vs by country)
Early 19th c, Keyaki (zelkova) wood, hide, red pigment, metal tacks, carved from one piece of wood, ink, 19″ x 18″, $1250.
19th c, (new head skin and tacks), Keyaki wood, hide, rope, iron rings and tacks, ink/paint, carved from one block of wood; 20″ x 24″, $1200.
19th c, Buddhist Drum, Keyaki (zelkova ) wood, metal panel on side, metal tacks on rawhide skin (missing center of drum head skin both sides) Metal ring with rope for carrying, carved from one block of wood; 29 1/2″ x 34″, $2800.
Wood, hide head painted with black and gold ‘Tomoe’ symbol (circular, turning motif referring to motion of the earth and play of forces), metal tacks, 18 1/4″ x 6 1/2″ ; frame – 52 1/2″ x 30 1/2″, $650.
Wood and metal frame, hide skin tacked down. 21 1/2″ x 6″, (30″ x 27″ x 13″ with stand), $750.
Wood, hide, metal tacks and rings, 22 1/2″ x 33″, (31″ x 33″ with frame), $950. (see top detail image below)
Early 20th c, Hide, Wood – carved and polychrome hand painted, iron, string, fabric and papier-mâché, decorated with Tibetan symbols. Played with a curved stick and used for religious ceremonies and meditation. 44 1/2″ x 16 1/2″ x 3 1/4″, $1100. SOLD (see detail image below)
Indonesia, Wood, paint, hide, left to right – 27 1/2″ x 16″ $295.; white/front- 20 1/2″ x 12″, $225.; 25 1/2″ x 13″, $280.
Java, Indonesia, hide skin heads with hide lacing and tuning straps. wood and paint with metal rings for carrying strap, contemporary, 21″ x 10″ (top) x 7 3/4″ (bottom); $440. (side detail see image below)
Sumba Island, Indonesia, Mid 20th c, hardwood, rawhide, strap and peg style head, The Hornbill is a religious symbol of great antiquity. 22″ x 7″ x 8″; $1100.
TEMPLE RIN GONG/MEDITATION BELL
Hand hammered bronze bowl with purple and gold cushion stand, hide wrapped wooden striker, decorative wooden striker stand; Bowl – 7″ x 10″ (10 1/2″ x 12 1/2″ with cushion) striker – 13 1/2″ x 2″ (5 1/2″ tall with striker stand) $1250. (set)
Hand carved wood frame and stand, bronze, rope, cloth, – 32 1/2″ x 36″ x 12″ (Frame – 17 1/2″ x 6″), $2400.
SLIT GONGS or DRUMS
Bali, Indonesia, wood, paint, This type of percussion instrument was developed and used by people in forested areas as its sound will carry far through the surrounding jungle and rice fields. Often hung or placed in a drum pavilion or tower and used to call villagers to meetings, or other events by tapping out a signal. Left – 39 1/2″ x 7 1/2″ x 7″, $950.; Right – 34 1/2″ x 7″ x 7″, $590.
Musical Instrument and long distance jungle communication system. Sumba Island, Indonesia, Teak wood, each one of these three large gongs has been carved from a single piece. This type of gong or drum was developed and used by people in forested areas. Its sound will carry far through the jungle and rice fields. Often hung or placed in a drum pavilion or tower, it was used to call villagers to meetings or other events by tapping out a signal. base is 33 1/2″ square, height is 108″ (tallest) $2800.
Java, Indonesia, Semar is an important God-like/clown, wood, paint, bicycle chain handle. (see 1st Slit Gong post for full description) 36″ x 10″ x 12″, $750. (see back detail in image below)
Indonesia, Early 20th c, hardwood, paint, (see 1st Slit Gong post for full description) 28″ x 64″ x 15, $2400.
Indonesia, wood, paint, animal form with a beautiful age patina, (see 1st Slit Gong post for full description) 12″ x 34″ x 9″, $750.
Early 20th c, wood, pigment on head, (see 1st Slit Gong post for full description) 9″ x 31″ x 7″, $450. (see image below for detail of head)
Indonesia, Jackfruit wood, paint, brown paint over an older bright blue. with an age patina, (see 1st Slit Gong post for full description) 13 1/2″ x 37″ x 9″, $475.
Indonesia, wood, horse/snake animal with a beautiful age patina, (see 1st Slit Gong post for full description) 13 1/2″ x 43″ x 13″. $1250.
Indonesia, wood, paint, animal form, (see 1st Slit Gong post for full description) 9 1/2′” x 30″ x 6″, $370.
Indonesia, wood, Early 20th c, hardwood, paint, (see 1st Slit Gong post for full description) 8 1/4″ x 29″ x 96″, $390.
Zoomorphic Slit Gong or Drum, Java, Indonesia, Early to mid c, wood, paint, played with a wooden striker. This type of percussion instrument was developed and used by people in forested areas as its sound will carry far through the surrounding jungle and rice fields. Often hung or placed in a drum pavilion or tower and used to call villagers to meetings, or other events by tapping out a signal; 10 3/4″ x 26 1/2″ x 8″; $390. (see below image for detail of head)
Indonesia, Late 19th to early 20th c, Ironwood, red paint,
In Kodi, as in the rest of Sumba, the most powerful, sacred music is played on gongs. Played in interlocking rhythms with one or two gongs to a player, the music is closely tied to Marapu ritual and ceremony, especially funerals. 13″ x 58″ x 12″, $1050.
Indonesia, Jackfruit wood, (see 1st Slit Gong post for full description) 6″ x 20 1/2″ x 5″, $145.
Kodi village, Sumba Island, Indonesia, early 20th c, hardwood, pigment, anthropomorphic figure, The music is closely tied to ritual and ceremony, especially funerals. Unlikely as it seems from the looks of it, the dungga exists in the same musical world of slot drums/gongs, taking those rhythms and transferring them to its four strings. While gong ensembles can have seven or more instruments, the dungga’s four strings are enough to replicate most gong melodies: the high string, plucked by the left hand, replicates the metronomic sounds of the smallest gong, ngaha; the two inner strings play the sound of the “middle” gongs, dopoduyo, while the lowest string plays the part of the large gong or kaduka; 23 1/2″ x 3 1/2″ x 4″ (with stand – 25 1/2″ x 5″ x 4 1/2″), $460.
Indonesia, Early 20th c, wood, (see 1st Dungga post for full description) 28 1/2″ x 7 1/4″ x 3 1/4″, $360.
Indonesia, Mid 20th c, wood, (see 1st Dungga post for full description), 20 1/2″” x 3 3/4″ x 2 1/4″, (22 1/2″ x 4 3/4″ x 4 3/4″, $375.
Indonesia, Early to mid 20th c, wood, (see first Dungga post for full description) 19 1/2″” x 4″ x 2 3/4″, (21 1/2″ x 5 1/4″ x 4 1/4″ , $380.
Indonesia, Mid 20th c, wood, (see 1st Dungga post for full description), 14 1/2″ x 6 1/2″ 2 3/4″ (with stand – 16 1/2″ x 5 3/4″ x 3″), $320.
Indonesia, hardwood, pigment, (see 1st Dungga post for full description); 23 1/2″ x 5 1/4″ 2 3/4″ (with stand – 26 1/4″ x 6″ x 4″), $450.
Insonesia, Early to mid 20th c, wood, (see 1st Dungga post for full description), 25″ x 5 1/4″ x 4″, $380.
Gambus – Lute-like instrument made by the Batak people of Sumatra. This was carved from a single piece of wood, had 7 strings and a skin covered resonator box. The peg box is carved with a zoomorphic head. It has no frets and would be played with a plektrum. Popular throughout Indonesia. Originating from the Arabian peninsula, the styles vary from 3 to 12 strings.
38″ x 8″ x 7″, $425.
CHINESE ERHU or VIOLIN
China, Wood, snakeskin, pigment, The Erhu is one of the most important Chinese instruments with a 4000 year history. It is played vertically and is incredibly expressive. It you have a sound associated with China, it is the Erhu. 29 1/2″ x 3 1/2″ x 6 1/2″, $400.
Nepal, antique, bronze, with clapper, 6 1/2″ x 3 1/4″, $875. (see detail images of back and clapper below)
Nepal, 150 years old, bronze, The Bell, representing the female aspect, stands for wisdom. It is held in the left hand. If the Dorje (crown motif on top) is separate, it is held in the right hand. The are always used in combination in religious ceremonies. Together they represent enlightenment. 7 1/4″ x 3 1/4″, $1300. (see detail of back and clapper in images below)
Late 19th to Early 20th c, Bronze, 8 1/4″ x 3 1/4″, $1100. (see image below for clapper detail)
Nepal, Late 19th to Early 20th c, bronze – The Bell, representing the female aspect, stands for wisdom. It is held in the left hand. If the Dorje (crown motif on top) is separate, it is held in the right hand. The are always used in combination in religious ceremonies. Together they represent enlightenment. 6 1/2″ x 3 1/4″, $900. (see image below for clapper detail)
Antique Japanese Bell is played with an unattached striker. Cloth handle strap and tassel, Bronze, 9 1/2″ x 6″, $1200.
Indonesia, Early 20th c, Teak wood, Rope, carved from single block of wood; 15″ x 42″ x 15″, $1200. (see next two images below for clapper detail)
Early 20th c, clapper missing, 22″ x 33″ x 12″, $425.
Early 20th c, Vintage reproductions of Bells that are thousands of years old.
Around 2000 BC, Chinese musicians worked with foundry technicians to cast matched sets of bronze bells of different sizes to produce a range of tones. They developed oval-shaped bells that, depending on where they were struck, produced two distinct pitches with an intentional interval between them.
Graduated sets of ‘Bo’ are hung from beam frames and played with a hammer striker.
Dimensions: (from large to small) 12 1/2″ x 9 1/2″ x 7″ – $650.; 12″ x 8″ x 6 1/2″ – $650.; 9″ x 5 1/2′ x 3″ – $190.; 8 1/4″ x 4 1/2″ x 2 3/4″ – $140.; 6 1/2″ x 3 3/4″ x 3″ – $100.; 6 1/4″ x 3 3/4″ x 2 3/4″ – $90.
Cast Bronze Bell and Wreath Motif Mount, plastic base plate, Struck with an outside striker, 6 1/2″ x 4″ (10 3/4″ x 7″ w/stand), $80. SOLD
Sasak tribe, Lombok Island, Indonesia, Early to mid 20th c, bamboo, string, played by using the mouth as the resonating cavity and pulling the string to vibrate the bamboo. There are many traditional songs written for it. It has been referred to as a ‘mind cleaner’ – because it uses the mouth to resonate, it clears the brain of unclear thoughts. 7 1/2″ x 5/8″ x 1/8″, pull stick – 6 3/4″ x 3/8, $65.
Lombok, Indonesia, Bamboo, string, (for full description see 1st Mouth Harp post), 7 1/4″ x 1/2″ x 1/8″, $60.
Lombok, Indonesia, Bamboo, string, (for full description see 1st Mouth Harp post) 8 1/4″ x 5/8″ x 1/8″, $60,
Lombok, Indonesia, Bamboo, string, 7 3/4″ x 5/8″ x 1/8″, pull stick – 4 3/4″ x 1/4, $65., Sold
Xylophone or ‘Gambang’, Java, Indonesia, early to med 20th c, Wood, hand carved and painted with 14 metal keys resting on pads made from pieces of a rubber flip flop sandal (footwear), played with 2 padded mallets, and oriented with the larger keys to the left of the player. The xylophone is an essential instrument in a traditional orchestral ensemble called a ‘Gamelan’; 13 1/2″ x 40 1/2″ x 6″; $630.
Traditional wooden xylophone or Gambang Kayu, Java, Indonesia, Late 19th to early 20th c, wooden resonating box (grobog), 18 hardwood keys (wilah), played with 2 padded wooden mallets with the larger keys on the player’s left. The 2 risers on each end are similarly carved with a simple motif around a circular hole. The xylophone is an essential instrument in a traditional orchestral ensemble called a ‘Gamelan’; 23 1/4″ x 52 1/2″ x 18 3/4″; $750.
Traditional Xylophone or Pattala, Burma/Myanmar, Early 20th c, 24 bamboo keys or slats, strung and suspended by a string over the decorated wooden resonating box, played with 2 padded mallets. The longer keys oriented to the players left. It is an essential instrument in a traditional orchestral ensemble. Its first use dates back to around 150 C.E.; (There are 2 almost identical in our collection) 30″ x 54″ x 19 1/2″ and 29 1/2″ x 54″ x 19 1/2″, $ 2100. each
Java, Indonesia, Early 20th c, wooden resonating box (grobog), 20 hardwood keys (wilah), played with 2 padded wooden mallets, the larger keys oriented on the player’s left. The 2 risers on each end are similarly detailed with a star motif, 3 small circular holes and a monogram on the side panel; it is an essential part of an ensemble called a Gamelan; 16 1/4″ x 49 1/4″ x 19″; $750.
MORE INSTRUMENTS and NOISE MAKERS – FROM THE SHAMAN COLLECTION:
Shaman Ritual Instrument Drum, Nepal, Early 20th c, hide/skin, wood. Played by Jhakri (shaman) with a curved stick, to enter and maintain the shaman’s trance for the journey into the spirit world. A deity will often reside in the drum during the ritual. 26″ x 14″ x 6′, $900.
Damaru with Chopin (2 sided drum with sash), late 19th and early 20th c, wood, hide, fabric
This power drum, associated with Shiva, is used for tantric rituals. A cord is tied around the middle where knotted ends make the sound when it is played with a twisting motion so the two beaters hit the drum heads simultaneously. It produces a spiritual sound by which the universe was created and is regulated. The Chopin is typically embroidered with the colors of tantric elements and waves as the drum is played. (large) 32” x 11 ¼” x 4 ½”; $700.; (small) 2” x 5 ¼” x 3” [case 6” x 5” x 3”] $500.
Nepal, Mid to late 19th c., Skin stretched over wood, iron, shaman bells and amulets. To facilitate entering and maintaining a trance state necessary for the shaman to perform rituals 17 ½” x 8” x 8” (plus 7” bell chains), $1400.
Nepal, Early 20th c., (some bells up to 150 years old),
This large belt is an essential part of all Nepalese shaman costumes. The belt/apron is heavy and loud with all its many parts: leather, iron chain and hand crafted crotal, and cylindrical bells and bangles and the brass conical bells. The cowrie shells, goat horn and wild boar tusk all are symbolic and spiritual tools. Used in rituals to protect shaman, villagers and the area from witches and other evil beings. (it is a waist belt with hanging bells and over-the-shoulder cross straps). 58” x 32” x 3”, $3200.
Early 20th c., (some bells up to 150 years old), An essential part of Nepalese shaman costumes, this heavy apron belt is made of hide leather, iron chains, and hand crafted cylindrical bells and bangles, brass conical and crotal bells. The yak tail, and other amulets which are attached, are powerful spiritual tools. They are worn during rituals and ceremonies to protect shaman and villagers and the area from witches and other evil beings. (it is a waist belt with hanging bells and over the shoulder cross straps), 44” x 33” x 3”, $3200.
Tuyen Quang province, Vietnam, Yao people, Early 20th c, Iron blade, aluminum bands, wood handle, metal coins, darkened patina from use and age. An essential item for any Yao shaman ritual. Shaken/rattled to summon gods and goddesses and to punish disobedient spirits. Harmless to mortals but a formidable weapon when shaken against evil spirits. This is a male sword – top detail differs on female swords. $295. each, Dimensions left to right, $295. each, (left – 15 ¼” x 3 ¼” x 1”); (middle – 15 ¼” x 3 ¼” x 1”); (right -13 ¾” x 3” x 1”)
Patinated with use and age. Used in rituals to subdue evil forces – shaken or rattled to scare away harmful spirits. (small – 12” x 3 ¾” x 1 ¼”, $270.); (large – 13 ¾” x 4 ½” x 1 ¾”, $270.)
These commanding rattle daggers are the most common ritual weapon used by a shaman priest. Similar in function to swords, they fend off evil spirits when shaken. The red (sometimes blue) streamers attract cosmic energy to empower it. This coin-laden top is still wound with red streamers from the ceremony it was last used in. (left sold), Dimensions (right – 16 ½” x 5 ½” x 5”; $350.)
This introduction and following series of related posts on shamanism serve as an online version of our 2017 fall exhibition, ‘Balancing The Universe: Shamanic Amulets, Instruments and Costumes’. We also have a full color photo catalog available of the all the pieces in the show and 12 color postcards of selected pieces. Scroll down to see catalog and cards at end of this post.
You have likely heard the term ‘Shaman’, but who were – or, are they? Shamanism is an intriguing phenomenon.
Since the beginning of humanity, there has been a need to cure the ailing, and to integrate the physical and spiritual worlds. This universal need gave rise to the art of healing or, ‘Shamanism’. A shaman is a highly trained and disciplined, man or woman, who can enter the spirit world at will to communicate with and influence spirits in service to their community. They have been the keepers of knowledge, the healers, the priests, and the philosophers in virtually all societies around the globe.
Animism, the belief that all things have souls, is another globally shared phenomenon and forms the spiritual origins of the rituals and traditions that most of us in the modern western world see as mysterious. But what is art, science or religion without mystery? Art and spirit converge in this show to take you on a journey into the inspiring and enlightening unknown.
All shaman have a unique repertoire of amulets, instruments, and costumes essential to their own culture. This exhibition includes a wide range of spiritual artifacts personally collected by David Bardwick over the last fifteen years from Nepal, Nagaland and Myanmar, Vietnam and Thailand, and across the Indonesian Islands.
Shamanism is a matter of curiosity for those unfamiliar with its conventions, but it endures as a universal healing method and path to the spirit world which are integral parts of daily life for billions of people around the world
The Naga people are a collection of 35+ tribes, or about 3.5 million people, who live in the hills of Nagaland, India and in the bordering country of Myanmar. Their beliefs are animistic and shamanism is a respected, integral part of everyday life.
This figure was used in healing rituals and probably for connecting to ancestor spirits. There are seven creature images on the backside. The creature depictions are made by poking holes as an outline for each one.
14” x 5 ¾” x 2 ¾”, SOLD
This Macaque skull and goat horn amulet was worn by the shaman for healing rituals and likely for connecting to helpful spirits. It was passed down from shaman to shaman, worn for many generations
22” x 4 ½” x 2 ½”, $780. SOLD
This shaman grinding bowl is for preparing healing medicinal herbs and other substances for remedies tailored for each patient. It is carved by the shaman with power designs that relate to healing rituals.
6 ½” x 4” x 4”, $190.
These 3 figures are not Naga, but from the neighboring country of Myanmar. They are a mixture of herbs pressed into blocks and carved into figurines for healing potions/remedies. The Shaman follows precise rituals and recipes to make these medicine figures between 3:00 and 6:00 am only.
Once pressed and detailed into the tiny figurines, the shaman will use them many times by chipping off small bits from the bottom side to prepare the appropriate mixture and dosage of healing elixirs for patients. 2 ½” to 3″, Left to right – $375., $240., $395.